© 2020 Cauda Equina Foundation

P.O. Box 381

Howey in the Hills, FL 34737

References

 

  • M.S. Cohen, MD, E. J. Wall, MD, C.W. Kerber, MD, J. J. Abitbol, MD, S. R. Garfin, MD. British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery. 1991. 73-B; 381-4

 

  • Fuso FAF, Dias ALN, Letaif OB, Cristante AF, Marcon RM, Barros Filho TEP. Epidemiological study of cauda equina syndrome. Acta Ortop Bras. [online]. 2013;21(3):159- 62.

 

  • Jiangang Shi, Lanshun Jia, Wen Yuan, GouDong Shi, Bin Ma, Bo Wang & JianFeng Wu (2010) Clinical classification of cauda equina syndrome for proper treatment, Acta Orthopaedica, 81:3, 391-395

 

  • M Crocker, G Fraser, J Wilson, E Boyd, J Wilson, BP Chitnavis, NW Thomas. The value of interhospital transfer and emergency MRI for suspected cauda equina syndrome: a 2-year retrospective study. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2008; 90: 513–6

 

  • Bharuka, Anuj D., Rajendra Phunde, and Hiren B. Patel. "Evaluation of relationship between timing of surgery and functional outcome considering the extent of neurological deficit in patients with cauda equina syndrome secondary to lumbar disc herniation." International Journal of Research in Orthopaedics 3.5 (2017): 998-1003.

 

  • Redundant nerve root syndrome of the cauda equina: the benefits of 3D CISS MRI sequence Nayman, Alaaddin et al.The Spine Journal, Volume 15 , Issue 10 , e31, 2015

 

  • British Association of Spine Surgeons standards of care for cauda equina syndrome. Germon, Timothy et al. The Spine Journal, Volume 15, Issue 3 , S2 - S4

 

  • Cauda Equina Syndrome – The Prelude to an Evidence-Based Scoring System. Badge, Ravi et al. The Spine Journal, Volume 15, Issue 3 , S54

 

  • Fuso FAF, Dias ALN, Letaif OB, Cristante AF, Marcon RM, Barros Filho TEP. Epidemiological study of cauda equina syndrome. Acta Ortop Bras. [online]. 2013;21(3):159- 62.

 

  • Bharuka, Anuj D., Rajendra Phunde, and Hiren B. Patel. "Evaluation of relationship between timing of surgery and functional outcome considering the extent of neurological deficit in patients with cauda equina syndrome secondary to lumbar disc herniation." International Journal of Research in Orthopaedics 3.5 (2017): 998-1003.

 

  • Cauda Equina Syndrome – The Prelude to an Evidence-Based Scoring System Badge, Ravi et al. The Spine Journal, Volume 15, Issue 3 , S54

 

  • Clinical Classification of cauda equina syndrome for proper treatment. Jiangang Shi, Lanshun Jia, Wen Yuan, GouDong Shi, Bin Ma, Bo Wang & JianFeng Wu. Acta Orthopaedica. Vol. 81, Iss. 3, 2010

 

  • International standards for neurological classification of spinal cord injury (Revised 2011). Steven C. Kirshblum., Stephen P. Burns, Fin Biering-Sorensen, William Donovan, Daniel E. Graves, Amitabh Jha, Marck Johansen, Linda Jones, Andrei Krassioukov, M.J. Mulcahey, Mary Schmidt-read & William Waring. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. Vol. 34, Iss. 6, 2011.

 

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  • Srikandarajah, Nisaharan, et al. "Outcomes reported after surgery for Cauda Equina Syndrome: A Systematic Literature Review." Spine (2018).

 

  • Periradicular infiltration for sciatica: a randomized controlled trial. Karppinen J, Malmivaara A, Kurunlahti M, Kyllönen E, Pienimäki T, Nieminen P, Ohinmaa A, Tervonen O, Vanharanta H  Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001;26(9):1059.

 

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  • A prospective evaluation of complications of 10,000 fluoroscopically directed epidural injections. Manchikanti L, Malla Y, Wargo BW, Cash KA, Pampati V, Fellows B Pain Physician. 2012 Mar-Apr;15(2):131-40.

 

  • A retrospective analysis of vertebral body fractures following epidural steroid injections Mandel S, Schilling J, Peterson E, et al  J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013;95:961.

 

  • Kubina, P., et al. "Two cases of cauda equina syndrome following spinal-epidural anesthesia." Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 22.5 (1997): 447-450.

 

  • Ross, Steven, and Joseph Riley. "Poster 23 Cauda Equina Syndrome Complicated by Arachnoiditis and Hydrocephalus Following Routine Lumbar Epidural Steroid Injection: A Case Report." PM&R 7.9 (2015): S99.

 

  • Epstein, Nancy E. "Unnecessary multiple epidural steroid injections delay surgery for massive lumbar disc: Case discussion and review." Surgical neurology international6.Suppl 14 (2015): S383.

 

  • Lee, Joon Woo, et al. "Epidural steroid injection-related events requiring hospitalisation or emergency room visits among 52,935 procedures performed at a single centre." European Radiology 28.1 (2018): 418-427.

 

  • Turan, Yasemin, et al. "Cauda Equina Syndrome Following an Epidural Lysis Procedure: A Case Report/Epidural Lizis Islemi Sonrasi Gelisen Kauda Ekina Send Romu: Olgu Sunumu." Meandros Medical and Dental Journal 18.2 (2017): 144-148.

 

  • Rice, I., M. Y. K. Wee, and K. Thomson. "Obstetric epidurals and chronic adhesive arachnoiditis." British Journal of Anaesthesia 92.1 (2004): 109-120.

 

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  • Assessment: Use of epidural steroid injections to treat radicular lumbosacral pain: report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Armon C, Argoff CE, Samuels J, Backonja MM, Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology Neurology. 2007;68(10):723.

 

  • Epidural Corticosteroid Injections for Radiculopathy and Spinal Stenosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.Chou R, Hashimoto R, Friedly J, Fu R, Bougatsos C, Dana T, Sullivan SD, Jarvik J Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(5):373.

 

 

  • Serious Neurologic Events after Epidural Glucocorticoid Injection--The FDA's Risk Assessment.Racoosin JA, Seymour SM, Cascio L, Gill R  N Engl J Med. 2015;373(24):2299.

 

  • A multicentre randomized controlled trial of epidural corticosteroid injections for sciatica: the WEST study. Arden NK, Price C, Reading I, Stubbing J, Hazelgrove J, Dunne C, Michel M, Rogers P, Cooper C, WEST Study Group  Rheumatology (Oxford). 2005;44(11):1399. Epub 2005 Jul 19.

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